- Use surface structure strategies, what they know about phonetic principles, context clues, structural analysis, and spelling patterns (word analysis), to assist them in solving both word and sentence level problems while reading continuous texts
- Are aware of and can articulate the surface structure strategies they use to decode and identify words, read fluently, and create solutions to reading and learning problems
- Are adaptive experts in that they know when to “turn up (or turn down) the volume” on a particular strategy or use them all in concert while reading a variety of texts. (Keene, 2008)
- Proficient readers understand that surface structure strategies assist them in writing words, sentences, and stories.
Keene, E. (2008). To understand: New horizons in reading comprehension. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.